Villa Pisani

at Bagnolo of Lonigo

Villa Pisani In 1523 the venetian lord Giovanni Pisani bought in a auction sale the possession confiscated to Nogarole family, which in the Cambrai war was along with the Imperials, at Bagnolo (near Lonigo). Pisani got the possessions and the title of a count and its feudals rights, as that of imposing angherie (working without wage). Settled in Bagnolo, these reach venetians began a prosperous agricultural activity, bringing up specific cultivations (as rice and hemp) and making use of the river Guà both as motive-power and and for their trade. They built, in addition, wide warehouses, buildings for the transformation of the products and a powerful doric colomnade (after destroyed) embracing on three sides a courtyard wide as S. Marco square in Venice. Pisani wanted to transfer in the mainland the business and commercial mentality peculiar to the venetians, who were gradually leaving  the riskfully sea-trade for the more profitable investiments in agricultural lands. Around 1540, for marking their landed property with a building that could celebrate their standing of  signori del luogo (lords of that place), Giovanni and his sons Marco, Daniele and Vittore approach Palladio, who plans for them a particular dual-facade building. The facade in the internal coutyard, which was described in the book "I Quattro Libri" but never built, would be characterized by an elegant and  classic pronaos: having a friendly relation with the land, it was meaning the beauty and the advantage of the villa life. The river facade has very different spirit: two strong small towers contain a loggia with three rustic ashlars arcades, dominated by a tympanum.
We can have many and different suggestions from this facade: by a side it remembers the tipical venetian "casa fondaco" (warehouse) - demonstrated also by the presence of a river) and so referring to the commercial vocationof the commissioners; by the other side, similar to a potent triumphal arc, it seems to gratify the autocelebrative wishes of the Pisani, feudatories of that place. We don't forget that in the Lonigo area this venetian family also built   two other famous buildings: the monumental Palace in the center of the town and the famous Rocca Pisani planned by Vincenzo Scamozzi.

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